Circulating chemerin level is associated with metabolic, biochemical, and hematological parameters – a population-based study.
This study aims to analyze the association of chemerin levels with several metabolic, biochemical and hematological parameters in a large Taiwanese population with relative healthy status.Cross-sectional study.Data of 4101 healthy participants without history of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and renal insufficiency from Taiwan Biobank were analyzed. The demographic, biochemical and hematologic parameters were retrieved from the database. Chemerin levels were measured using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to test to the independent correlates of chemerin.In the univariate analysis, circulating chemerin levels were positively associated with body-mass index (BMI), waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), creatinine, uric acid, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), gamma-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT), leukocyte and platelet counts both in men and women, and negatively associated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and total bilirubin. In the multivariate analysis, BMI, HbA1C, triglyceride, uric acid, γ-GT and platelet counts predicted chemerin levels independently both in men and women with positive correlation, while eGFR, total bilirubin and HDL-C predicted circulating chemerin levels independently with negative correlation.Chemerin level is independently associated with multiple metabolic, biochemical, and hematological parameters. This study provides further evidence on the molecular basis linking obesity with several human diseases.