Circular RNA circ_0081001 knockdown enhances methotrexate sensitivity in osteosarcoma cells by regulating miR-494-3p/TGM2 axis.

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Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been shown to participate in the chemoresistance and tumorigenesis of multiple cancers. The purpose of this research was to investigate the function of circ_0081001 in methotrexate (MTX) resistance of osteosarcoma (OS) and its potential molecular mechanism.The expression of circ_0081001, cytochrome P450 family 51 subfamily A member 1 (CYP51A1), and miR-494-3p was detected by qRT-PCR. Cell viability, apoptosis, migration, and invasion were evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, flow cytometry, and transwell assay, respectively. Western blot (WB) assay was used to measure the protein levels of cleaved-caspase3 (cleaved-casp3), E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and transglutaminase-2 (TGM2). The interaction between miR-494-3p and circ_0081001 or TGM2 was predicted by bioinformatics analysis and verified using the dual-luciferase reporter assay. The mice xenograft model was established to investigate the roles of circ_0081001 in MTX resistance of OS in vivo.Circ_0081001 and TGM2 were upregulated, and miR-494-3p was downregulated in MTX-resistant OS tissues and cells. Moreover, circ_0081001 interference enhanced cell sensitivity to MTX through promoting apoptosis and inhibiting cell viability and metastasis in vitro. Furthermore, circ_0081001 was identified as a molecular sponge of miR-494-3p to upregulate TGM2 level. In addition, circ_0081001 knockdown inhibited MTX resistance via upregulating miR-494-3p and downregulating TGM2. Besides, circ_0081001 downregulation improved MTX sensitivity of OS in vivo.Knockdown of circ_0081001 enhanced MTX sensitivity of OS cells through downregulating TGM2 by sponging miR-494-3p, elucidating a novel regulatory mechanism for chemoresistance of OS and providing a potential circRNA-targeted therapy for OS.

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