Cholesterol Control for Subclinical Coronary Atherosclerosis in Subjects Without Indication for Statin Therapy.

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Low-risk individuals still experience adverse cardiac events. We sought to evaluate long-term cardiac events and predictors for subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in subjects without indication for statin therapy. We analyzed 3,272 individuals without indication for statin therapy who voluntarily underwent coronary computed tomography angiography as part of a general health examination. A cardiac event was defined as a composite of cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, unstable angina requiring hospitalization, or late coronary revascularization. The prevalence of normal coronary arteries, nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) (diameter stenosis < 50%), and obstructive CAD (diameter stenosis ≥50%) was 2,338 (71.5%), 809 (24.7%), and 125 (3.8%), respectively. During the follow-up period (median 5.3 [interquartile range, 4.3-6.3] years), the 6-year event-free survival rates were 99.2%±0.2% in subjects with normal coronary arteries, 98.2%±0.6% in those with nonobstructive CAD, and 90.2%±2.7% in those with obstructive CAD (log-rank p < 0.001). Multivariable regression analysis showed that low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C, odds ratio [OR]: 1.012; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.005-1.019) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, OR: 0.968; 95% CI: 0.952-0.984) levels were associated with subclinical obstructive CAD, together with age (OR: 1.080; 95% CI: 1.040-1.121) and male sex (OR: 3.102; 95% CI: 1.866-5.155) (all p < 0.05). In conclusion, LDL-C and HDL-C are significantly associated with the presence of subclinical obstructive CAD with a worse prognosis in subjects without indication for statin therapy. These findings suggest that stricter control of LDL-C and HDL-C levels may be necessary for primary prevention even in a relatively low-risk population.

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Authors: Hyun Woo Park, Yong-Giun Kim, Gyung-Min Park, Sangwoo Park, Young-Rak Cho, Jon Suh, Yongjik Lee, Dong Hyun Yang, Joon-Won Kang, Hong-Kyu Kim, Jaewon Choe, Young-Hak Kim, Seung-Whan Lee