Changes in antibiotic prescription following an education strategy for acute respiratory infections.

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The objective of this study was to assess the impact of an education intervention for primary health care physicians, based on the knowledge of clinical practice guidelines and availability of rapid antigen detection test for group A streptococci (GAS), on the improvement of antibiotic prescription for patients with acute respiratory tract infections. Before and after the intervention, physicians collected data from ten consecutive patients who attended during a 3-week period. This process was performed twice a year for 6 consecutive years (2012-2017). A total of 18,001 patients were visited by 391 primary care physicians during the study period, 55.6% before intervention and 44.4% after intervention. After intervention, the antibiotic prescription decreased significantly, from 33.0 to 23.4% (p 

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Authors: Eloisa Delsors, Francisco Monsó, Francisco Javier López-Román, Juan Francisco Menárguez-Puche, María Gonzalez-Barberá, Hana Hukelova, Maria Teresa Martínez-Ros, Asensio López-Santiago