Cerebrospinal fluid analysis in Guillain-Barré syndrome: value of albumin quotients.

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Albuminocytologic dissociation in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a diagnostic hallmark of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Compared to CSF total protein (TP), the CSF/serum albumin quotient (Qalb) has the advantage of method-independent reference ranges. Whether the diagnostic yield differs between Qalb and CSF-TP is currently unknown.We retrospectively analyzed the diagnostic yield (i.e., a value above the URL indicating blood-nerve barrier dysfunction) of Qalb and CSF-TP levels in patients with GBS. We evaluated two different equations (Reiber’s and Hegen’s) for age-adjusted URLs of Qalb and compared results to CSF-TP using the standard URL of 0.45 g/L as well as age-adjusted URLs (by decade of age). Additionally, multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to assess the effect of clinical factors on the diagnostic yield.We analyzed 110 patients [62% males; median age 48 (IQR 35-58)] with sensorimotor (68), motor (16), sensory (12) and localized (8) GBS as well as Miller Fisher syndrome (6). Qalb and CSF-TP were highly correlated (r = 0.95, p 

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Authors: Jakob Rath, Gudrun Zulehner, Bernadette Schober, Anna Grisold, Martin Krenn, Hakan Cetin, Fritz Zimprich