Cerebral Oxygen Metabolism in Adults with Sickle Cell Disease.
In sickle cell disease (SCD), oxygen delivery is impaired due to anemia, especially during times of increased metabolic demand, and cerebral blood flow (CBF) must increase to meet changing physiologic needs. But hyperemia limits cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) and ischemic risk prevails despite elevated CBF. The cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2 ) reflects oxygen supply and consumption so may be more insightful than flow-based CVR measures for ischemic risk in SCD. We hypothesized that adults with SCD have impaired CMRO2 at rest and that a vasodilatory challenge with acetazolamide would improve CMRO2 . CMRO2 was calculated from CBF and oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), measured with arterial spin labeling and T2 -prepared tissue relaxation with inversion recovery (T2 -TRIR) MRI. We studied 36 adults with SCD without a clinical history of overt stroke and 9 healthy controls. As expected, CBF was higher in patients with SCD versus controls (mean ± standard deviation: 74±16 vs 46±5 mL/100g/min, P