The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation postcardiotomy-A systematic review.

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The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in cardiac surgery has been established in cases of postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock, which is refractory to conventional therapy with inotropes and intra-aortic balloon […]

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Sex differences after coronary artery bypass grafting with a second arterial conduit.

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Double arterial conduit use during coronary artery bypass grafting is associated with improved clinical outcomes compared with single arterial conduits in the general population. However, the sex-specific outcomes of this […]

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Left ventricle unloading strategies in ECMO: A single-center experience.

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Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a life-saving technology capable of restoring perfusion but is not without significant complications that limit its realizable therapeutic benefit. ECMO-induced hemodynamics increase cardiac afterload risking […]

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Transcatheter mitral valve repair for functional mitral regurgitation: Evaluating the evidence.

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Two trials (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients with Functional Mitral Regurgitation Trial and Percutaneous Repair with the MitraClip Device for Severe Functional/Secondary Mitral […]

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Incorporation of renal function in mortality risk assessment for pulmonary arterial hypertension.

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Risk assessment is important for prognostication and individualized treatment decisions for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The purpose was (1) to compare contemporary risk assessment tools and (2) to […]

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Cardiac involvement in COVID-19 patients: Risk factors, predictors, and complications: A review.

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Respiratory complications have been well remarked in the novel coronavirus disease (SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19), yet an emerging body of research indicates that cardiac involvement may be implicated in poor outcomes for these […]

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Efforts to Reduce Infections in Delayed Sternal Closure Patients: A Survey of Pediatric Practice.

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Pediatric patients with sternum left open after cardiac surgery experience a higher risk for sternal wound infection (SWI). These infections are costly for programs, payers, and patients and their families. […]

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Enteral immunonutrition versus enteral nutrition for patients undergoing oesophagectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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According to retrospective studies, oesophageal carcinoma is the second deadliest gastrointestinal cancer after gastric cancer. Enteral immunonutrition (EIN) has been increasingly used to enhance host immunity and relieve the inflammatory […]

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Wall stress analyses in patients with ≥5 cm versus <5 cm ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm.

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Current guidelines for elective surgery of ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (aTAAs) use aneurysm size as primary determinant for risk stratification of adverse events. Biomechanically, dissection may occur when wall stress […]

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The role of fractional flow reserve in coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a meta-analysis.

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Fractional flow reserve (FFR) measures the drop in perfusion pressure across a stenosis, therefore representing its physiological effect on myocardial blood flow. Its use is widespread in percutaneous coronary interventions, […]

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The 6-min walk test in the functional evaluation of patients with lung cancer qualified for lobectomy.

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The American College of Chest Physicians guidelines recommend low-technology exercise tests in the functional evaluation of patients with lung cancer considered for resectional surgery. However, the 6-min walk test (6MWT) […]

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Risk assessment in pulmonary arterial hypertension: Insights from the GRIPHON study.

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Approaches to risk assessment in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) include the noninvasive French risk assessment approach (number of low-risk criteria based on the European Society of Cardiology and European Respiratory […]

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Testing the clinical validity of the Bemelman Rib Fracture Management Guideline.

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Whilst surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) results in better outcomes, selection algorithms are lacking. We aimed to validate the Rib Fracture Management Guideline proposed by Bemelman. From a cohort […]

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Disparities in guideline-concordant treatment for node-positive, non-small cell lung cancer following surgery.

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To examine guideline concordance across a national sample and determine the relationship between socioeconomic factors, use of recommended postoperative adjuvant therapy, and outcomes for patients with resected pN1 or pN2 […]

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Impact of patient blood management guidelines on blood transfusions and patient outcomes during cardiac surgery.

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In March 2012, Australia’s National Blood Authority published national patient blood-management guidelines for perioperative care developed by a systematic review and clinical expert opinion. This study assesses how blood transfusions […]

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