The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in cardiac surgery has been established in cases of postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock, which is refractory to conventional therapy with inotropes and intra-aortic balloon […]» Read more
Double arterial conduit use during coronary artery bypass grafting is associated with improved clinical outcomes compared with single arterial conduits in the general population. However, the sex-specific outcomes of this […]» Read more
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a life-saving technology capable of restoring perfusion but is not without significant complications that limit its realizable therapeutic benefit. ECMO-induced hemodynamics increase cardiac afterload risking […]» Read more
Cigarette smoking is the attributable cause for 90% of lung cancers. To complement preventative strategies, the advent of lung cancer screening programs targeted at prior and active smokers has been […]» Read more
The left atrial appendage (LAA) has been identified as a site of thrombus formation in the heart and as a source of embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, leading to […]» Read more
Aortic root valve-sparing repair and dissections in Marfans syndrome during pregnancy: A case series.
Marfan syndrome is a connective tissue disorder caused by mutations in the fibrillar FBN-1 gene. Aortic dissection and rupture are major causes of morbidity and mortality and are of special […]» Read more
Two trials (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients with Functional Mitral Regurgitation Trial and Percutaneous Repair with the MitraClip Device for Severe Functional/Secondary Mitral […]» Read more
This report presents the essence in practice of Japanese methods and tradition in surgery for esophageal cancer.The etiology of esophageal cancer and the concepts of lymphadenectomy in esophagectomy, in neoadjuvant […]» Read more
Risk assessment is important for prognostication and individualized treatment decisions for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The purpose was (1) to compare contemporary risk assessment tools and (2) to […]» Read more
Respiratory complications have been well remarked in the novel coronavirus disease (SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19), yet an emerging body of research indicates that cardiac involvement may be implicated in poor outcomes for these […]» Read more
A 49-year-old female with congenitally corrected (or levo-) transposition of the great arteries complicated by nonischemic cardiomyopathy presented for worsening heart failure despite guideline-directed medical therapy and was found to […]» Read more
Pediatric patients with sternum left open after cardiac surgery experience a higher risk for sternal wound infection (SWI). These infections are costly for programs, payers, and patients and their families. […]» Read more
Enteral immunonutrition versus enteral nutrition for patients undergoing oesophagectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
According to retrospective studies, oesophageal carcinoma is the second deadliest gastrointestinal cancer after gastric cancer. Enteral immunonutrition (EIN) has been increasingly used to enhance host immunity and relieve the inflammatory […]» Read more
Current guidelines for elective surgery of ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (aTAAs) use aneurysm size as primary determinant for risk stratification of adverse events. Biomechanically, dissection may occur when wall stress […]» Read more
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) measures the drop in perfusion pressure across a stenosis, therefore representing its physiological effect on myocardial blood flow. Its use is widespread in percutaneous coronary interventions, […]» Read more
The 6-min walk test in the functional evaluation of patients with lung cancer qualified for lobectomy.
The American College of Chest Physicians guidelines recommend low-technology exercise tests in the functional evaluation of patients with lung cancer considered for resectional surgery. However, the 6-min walk test (6MWT) […]» Read more
Approaches to risk assessment in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) include the noninvasive French risk assessment approach (number of low-risk criteria based on the European Society of Cardiology and European Respiratory […]» Read more
Whilst surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) results in better outcomes, selection algorithms are lacking. We aimed to validate the Rib Fracture Management Guideline proposed by Bemelman. From a cohort […]» Read more
Disparities in guideline-concordant treatment for node-positive, non-small cell lung cancer following surgery.
To examine guideline concordance across a national sample and determine the relationship between socioeconomic factors, use of recommended postoperative adjuvant therapy, and outcomes for patients with resected pN1 or pN2 […]» Read more
Impact of patient blood management guidelines on blood transfusions and patient outcomes during cardiac surgery.
In March 2012, Australia’s National Blood Authority published national patient blood-management guidelines for perioperative care developed by a systematic review and clinical expert opinion. This study assesses how blood transfusions […]» Read more