Rapid deployment valves versus conventional tissue valves for aortic valve replacement.

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Rapid deployment valves have been developed as a means to adjust for limitations in transcatheter aortic valve replacement and surgical aortic valve replacement for the management of aortic valve disease. […]

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Thoracoscopic left S1 + 2 segmentectomy as a good resolution for preserving pulmonary function.

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Segmentectomies such as S1 + 2, S1 + 2+3 and S4 + 5 segmentectomy are used to treat patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the left upper lobe. However, the preservable lung volume and changes […]

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Outcomes of surgical treatment for active infective endocarditis of mitral valve compared using complexity scoring.

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The aim of this study was to evaluate our surgical treatment outcomes of active infective endocarditis (IE) of mitral valve in relation to the patients’ complexity scores.We reviewed 51 patients […]

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Effect of bivalirudin on neointimal hyperplasia and endothelial proliferation in rabbit.

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The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of bivalirudin on endothelial cell proliferation and neointimal hyperplasia in a rabbit carotid artery model.”New Zealand rabbits (n = 12)” weighing 2-3 kg […]

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Novel bicuspid aortic valve model with aortic regurgitation for hemodynamic status analysis using an ex vivo simulator.

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The objective was to design and evaluate a clinically relevant, novel ex vivo bicuspid aortic valve model that mimics the most common human phenotype with associated aortic regurgitation.Three bovine aortic valves […]

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Management of pulmonary ground-glass opacities: a position paper from a panel of experts of the Italian Society of Thoracic Surgery (SICT).

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A significant gap in our knowledge of how to manage pulmonary ground-glass opacities (GGOs) still exists. Accordingly, there is a lack of consensus among clinicians on this topic. The Italian […]

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Hormone replacement therapy for open heart surgery in a patient with panhypopituitarism and diabetes insipidus.

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We present an unusual case of a patient with panhypopituitarism and diabetes insipidus who underwent aortic valve replacement. We successfully managed these complicated endocrine disorders by using appropriate hormonal replacement […]

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Impact of donor time to cardiac arrest in lung donation after circulatory death.

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Acceptance of lungs from donation after circulatory determination of death has been generally restricted to donors who have cardiac arrest within 60 minutes after withdrawal of life-sustaining therapies. We aimed to […]

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Indications and predictors for pacemaker implantation after isolated aortic valve replacement with bioprostheses: the CAREAVR study.

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We sought to study the indications, long-term occurrence, and predictors of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) after isolated surgical aortic valve replacement with bioprostheses.The CAREAVR study included 704 patients (385 females, […]

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Early surgery versus conservative management of asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis: A meta-analysis.

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Although current guidelines generally recommend watchful waiting strategy for patients with asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis until symptoms develop, early surgery for asymptomatic aortic stenosis remains controversial. This study aimed to […]

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High incidence of tracheobronchial diverticulum in esophageal cancer patients: a retrospective survey alerting pitfall during thoracoscopic esophagectomy.

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Although tracheobronchial diverticulum (DV) rarely cause problems, attention should be paid during esophagectomy, which requires careful dissection around the trachea and bronchi. Here, we retrospectively review cases of tracheobronchial DVs […]

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Decrease in serum alkaline phosphatase and prognostic relevance in adult cardiopulmonary bypass.

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Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) induces inflammatory responses, which may lead to the loss of alkaline phosphatase (AP) that is consumed in the process of dephosphorylating detrimental extracellular nucleotides in this proinflammatory […]

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A preoperative estimate of central venous pressure is associated with early Fontan failure.

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Early Fontan failure is a serious complication after total cavopulmonary connection, characterized by high central venous pressure, low cardiac output, and resistance to medical therapy. This study aimed to estimate […]

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Prognostic score for survival with pulmonary carcinoids: the importance of associating clinical with pathological characteristics.

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Lung carcinoids (LCs) are staged using the non-small-cell lung cancer tumour/node/metastasis staging system; the possibility of an LC-specific staging system is still being debated. The goal of our study was […]

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Aortobifemoral Bypass Grafting with Reversed L-Shaped Technique for Endograft Infection.

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Endograft infection after abdominal endovascular aortic repair is a rare but catastrophic complication associated with high perioperative mortality and postoperative recurrent infection. The optimal surgical treatment is still controversial, particularly […]

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Clinical burden associated with postsurgical complications in major cardiac surgeries in Asia-Oceania countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Evidence on the burden of postsurgical complications is mainly from studies in western countries, and little is highlighted in the Asia-Oceania region. This study aimed to identify and compare the […]

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The impact of Heart Team discussion on decision making for coronary revascularization in patients with complex coronary artery disease.

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Revascularization guidelines support routine Heart Team (HT) discussion of appropriate patients. The effect of HT on decision making and clinical outcomes has not been explored. The aim of our study […]

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Local prolonged release of antibiotic for prevention of sternal wound infections postcardiac surgery-A novel technology.

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Sternal wound infection (SWI) is a devastating postcardiac surgical complication. D-PLEX100 (D-PLEX) is a localized prolonged release compound applied as a prophylactic at the completion of surgery to prevent SWI. […]

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Impact of additional annuloplasty on tricuspid valve and cardiac functions after atrial septal defect closure in adults.

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Surgical indications for moderate to severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) during atrial septal defect (ASD) closure are still unclear. Additional tricuspid valve annuloplasty (TVP) can be beneficial to avoid postoperative persistent […]

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A Novel Insertion Technique for the Extra-Long Montgomery T-Tube in Patients with a Large Mediastinal Tumor.

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The Montgomery T-tube is widely used to stent airway stenotic diseases. Conventional insertion methods can sometimes fail in the case of long-distance subglottic stenosis due to the flexibility of a […]

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Creatinine elevations from baseline at the time of cardiac surgery are associated with postoperative complications.

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Baseline kidney function is a key predictor of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Whether an increased creatinine at the time of surgery, compared with the lowest creatinine in the 3 months before […]

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Supercharged cervical anastomosis for esophagectomy and gastric pull-up.

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Esophagectomy has high rates of morbidity and mortality. Anastomotic leakage is the most frequent complication and is likely caused by diminished anastomotic perfusion. Supercharged microvascular anastomosis has previously been performed […]

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Robotic trans-mitral septal myectomy and papillary muscle reorientation for HOCM combined with or without mitral valve repair: Technical aspects – How we do it.

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Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is one of the more common genetic disorders. The pathophysiology and natural history of the disease have been well studied. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) […]

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