In the treatment of psychosis, agitation and aggression in Alzheimer’s disease, guidelines emphasise the need to ‘use the lowest possible dose’ of antipsychotic drugs, but provide no information on optimal […]» Read more
Mental health care for women includes decision support to prepare for major life events, including preconception planning for treatment during pregnancy and the postpartum period. The authors discuss contraceptive choices […]» Read more
Resistance to pharmacological agents is commonly encountered in the treatment of acute episodes of mania. In contemporary practice guidelines, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), once a widely used standalone intervention for mania, […]» Read more
Media coverage of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) ranges from providing helpful education to displaying graphic images. We offer the first research-informed, consensus-based guidelines for the responsible reporting and depicting of NSSI […]» Read more
Clinical practice guidelines recommend concurrent treatment of co-occurring depression and substance use disorders; however, the degree to which patients with substance use disorders receive guideline-concordant treatment for depression is unknown. […]» Read more
Violence and mental disorders: a structured review of associations by individual diagnoses, risk factors, and risk assessment.
In this Review, we summarise evidence on the association between different mental disorders and violence, with emphasis on high quality designs and replicated findings. Relative risks are typically increased for […]» Read more
Lithium Prescribing and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in Bipolar Disorder: A Survey of Current Practices and Perspectives.
The goal of this survey study was to assess specific aspects of lithium therapy for bipolar disorder, including psychiatrists’ prescribing practices, understanding of therapeutic drug monitoring, and concerns and perspectives […]» Read more
Older adults in the United States have lower rates of mental health care utilization than young adults. To understand these lower rates of mental health care, we performed a systematic […]» Read more
Attempted Suicide in a Woman With Steroid-responsive Encephalopathy Associated With Autoimmune Thyroiditis: A Case Report.
Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT) is a rare phenomenon that manifests with nonspecific psychiatric and neurological signs and symptoms, an elevated serum thyroid peroxidase antibody level, and a […]» Read more
Psychosis relapse during treatment with long-acting injectable antipsychotics in individuals with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders: an individual participant data meta-analysis.
Most individuals with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders have relapses, which increase the risk of morbidity and mortality. Because non-adherence to antipsychotic maintenance treatment could affect more than half of individuals with schizophrenia-spectrum […]» Read more
Philanthropy is an increasingly important source of support for health care institutions. There is little empirical evidence to inform ethical guidelines.To assess public attitudes regarding specific practices used by health […]» Read more
The Adaptive designs CONSORT Extension (ACE) statement: a checklist with explanation and elaboration guideline for reporting randomised trials that use an adaptive design.
Adaptive designs (ADs) allow pre-planned changes to an ongoing trial without compromising the validity of conclusions and it is essential to distinguish pre-planned from unplanned changes that may also occur. […]» Read more
Association Between the Use of Cannabis and Physical Violence in Youths: A Meta-Analytical Investigation.
The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the extent to which cannabis use among youths is associated with the risk of perpetrating physical violence.Searches were conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, […]» Read more
Approximately 125 million people worldwide have psoriasis. Patients with psoriasis experience substantial morbidity and increased rates of inflammatory arthritis, cardiometabolic diseases, and mental health disorders.Plaque psoriasis is the most common […]» Read more
Despite increasing evidence for the effectiveness of intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy (ISTDP), evidence supporting the purported mechanisms of change in ISTDP is lacking. This systematized review aimed to describe the […]» Read more
Prenatal and perinatal risk and protective factors for psychosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Prenatal and perinatal insults are implicated in the aetiopathogenesis of psychotic disorders but the consistency and magnitude of their associations with psychosis have not been updated for nearly two decades. […]» Read more
Association between suicide reporting in the media and suicide: systematic review and meta-analysis.
To examine the association between reporting on suicides, especially deaths of celebrities by suicide, and subsequent suicides in the general population.Systematic review and meta-analysis.PubMed/Medline, PsychInfo, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, […]» Read more
Associations between stopping prescriptions for opioids, length of opioid treatment, and overdose or suicide deaths in US veterans: observational evaluation.
To examine the associations between stopping treatment with opioids, length of treatment, and death from overdose or suicide in the Veterans Health Administration.Observational evaluation.Veterans Health Administration.1 394 102 patients in the Veterans […]» Read more
Effectiveness of Pharmacological Interventions for Symptoms of Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia: A Systematic Review.
Clinical guidance on the symptomatic treatment of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is limited.To provide a systematic review of pharmacological interventions for symptomatic treatment of bvFTD, based on the International […]» Read more
Population-based surveys estimate that 0.7% of youth (13 to 17 y of age) in the United States identifies as transgender. Transgender youth are at an increased risk of anxiety, depression, and […]» Read more
Worldwide, many newborns who are preterm, small or large for gestational age, or born to mothers with diabetes are screened for hypoglycemia, with a goal of preventing brain injury. However, […]» Read more
Typology of modifications to peer support work for adults with mental health problems: systematic review.
Peer support work roles are being implemented internationally, and increasingly in lower-resource settings. However, there is no framework to inform what types of modifications are needed to address local contextual […]» Read more
Effect of a Behavioral Intervention to Increase Vegetable Consumption on Cancer Progression Among Men With Early-Stage Prostate Cancer: The MEAL Randomized Clinical Trial.
Guidelines endorsing vegetable-enriched diets to improve outcomes for prostate cancer survivors are based on expert opinion, preclinical studies, and observational data.To determine the effect of a behavioral intervention that increased […]» Read more
In the aftermath of clozapine discontinuation: comparative effectiveness and safety of antipsychotics in patients with schizophrenia who discontinue clozapine.
Although clozapine is often discontinued, there is a paucity of guidelines and evidence on treatment options after clozapine discontinuation. Moreover, it is currently unknown whether reinstating clozapine in patients formerly […]» Read more
Comparative effects of 18 antipsychotics on metabolic function in patients with schizophrenia, predictors of metabolic dysregulation, and association with psychopathology: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.
Antipsychotic treatment is associated with metabolic disturbance. However, the degree to which metabolic alterations occur in treatment with different antipsychotics is unclear. Predictors of metabolic dysregulation are poorly understood and […]» Read more
Pharmacoepidemiology research: delivering evidence about drug safety and effectiveness in mental health.
Research that provides an evidence base for the pharmacotherapy of people with mental disorders is needed. The abundance of digital data has facilitated pharmacoepidemiology and, in particular, observational research on […]» Read more
Clinical and social factors associated with increased risk for involuntary psychiatric hospitalisation: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and narrative synthesis.
Use of involuntary psychiatric hospitalisation varies widely within and between countries. The factors that place individuals and populations at increased risk of involuntary hospitalisation are unclear, and evidence is needed […]» Read more
Autoimmune psychosis: an international consensus on an approach to the diagnosis and management of psychosis of suspected autoimmune origin.
There is increasing recognition in the neurological and psychiatric literature of patients with so-called isolated psychotic presentations (ie, with no, or minimal, neurological features) who have tested positive for neuronal […]» Read more
Abstract: Heavy drinking and alcohol use disorder are major public health problems. Practitioners not specialising in alcohol treatment are often unaware of the guidelines for preventing, identifying, and treating heavy […]» Read more
Medicines associated with dependence or withdrawal: a mixed-methods public health review and national database study in England.
Abstract: Antidepressants, opioids for non-cancer pain, gabapentinoids (gabapentin and pregabalin), benzodiazepines, and Z-drugs (zopiclone, zaleplon, and zolpidem) are commonly prescribed medicine classes associated with a risk of dependence or withdrawal. […]» Read more