Personality in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Associations With Face Memory Deficit and Theory of Mind.

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To examine the personality profiles of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using a standard personality assessment and to investigate the association between personality, ASD-related face memory deficit (FMD), and […]

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Patient Choice in Depression Psychotherapy: Outcomes of Patient-Preferred Therapy Versus Randomly Allocated Therapy.

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Patient choice is recognized as a factor that influences clinical outcomes and treatment evaluation in mental health care. However, research on how having a choice affects patients with depression has […]

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Person-centred experiential therapy versus cognitive behavioural therapy delivered in the English Improving Access to Psychological Therapies service for the treatment of moderate or severe depression (PRaCTICED): a pragmatic, randomised, non-inferiority trial.

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The UK Government’s implementation in 2008 of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) initiative in England has hugely increased the availability of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for the treatment […]

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Accuracy of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Depression subscale (HADS-D) to screen for major depression: systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis.

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To evaluate the accuracy of the depression subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D) to screen for major depression among people with physical health problems.Systematic review and individual […]

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Suicide and self-harm in adult survivors of critical illness: population based cohort study.

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To analyse the association between survival from critical illness and suicide or self-harm after hospital discharge.Population based cohort study using linked and validated provincial databases.Ontario, Canada between January 2009 and […]

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Dismantling, optimising, and personalising internet cognitive behavioural therapy for depression: a systematic review and component network meta-analysis using individual participant data.

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Internet cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) is a viable delivery format of CBT for depression. However, iCBT programmes include training in a wide array of cognitive and behavioural skills via different […]

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Hearing Voices and Seeing Things: Symptoms of Anxiety Misconstrued as Evidence of Schizophrenia in an Adolescent.

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A patient’s complaint of “hearing voices” or “seeing things” or of similar perceptual abnormalities leaves the clinician with 2 decisions: (1) Is the patient actually experiencing a hallucination, or does […]

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Reasons for Participation and Nonparticipation in Psychological Relapse Prevention for Anxiety and Depression: A Qualitative Study.

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Anxiety and depressive disorders frequently recur, but participation in effective psychological interventions to prevent relapse is limited. The reasons for nonparticipation are largely unknown, hampering successful implementation. The aims of […]

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Trial of Psilocybin versus Escitalopram for Depression.

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Psilocybin may have antidepressant properties, but direct comparisons between psilocybin and established treatments for depression are lacking.In a phase 2, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial involving patients with long-standing, moderate-to-severe major […]

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Maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada: a longitudinal analysis.

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Parents have faced substantial social and economic challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic. Preliminary cross-sectional research has demonstrated increases in mental health problems in mothers during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with […]

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Comparative efficacy of interventions for reducing symptoms of depression in people with dementia: systematic review and network meta-analysis.

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To describe the comparative efficacy of drug and non-drug interventions for reducing symptoms of depression in people with dementia who experience depression as a neuropsychiatric symptom of dementia or have […]

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Change Mechanisms in Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Women With Perinatal Depression: Qualitative Study.

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Brief interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT-B) has been shown to be effective in treating perinatal depression and in preventing depressive relapse among socioeconomically disadvantaged women. Yet, it is unclear how IPT-B alleviates […]

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Gene-environment correlations and causal effects of childhood maltreatment on physical and mental health: a genetically informed approach.

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Childhood maltreatment is associated with poor mental and physical health. However, the mechanisms of gene-environment correlations and the potential causal effects of childhood maltreatment on health are unknown. Using genetics, […]

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Synthesizing the Evidence for Ketamine and Esketamine in Treatment-Resistant Depression: An International Expert Opinion on the Available Evidence and Implementation.

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Replicated international studies have underscored the human and societal costs associated with major depressive disorder. Despite the proven efficacy of monoamine-based antidepressants in major depression, the majority of treated individuals […]

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Efficacy of Intravenous Ketamine in Adolescent Treatment-Resistant Depression: A Randomized Midazolam-Controlled Trial.

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Adolescent depression is prevalent and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Although intravenous ketamine has shown efficacy in adult treatment-resistant depression, its efficacy in pediatric populations is unknown. The […]

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Impact of the KCNQ2/3 Channel Opener Ezogabine on Reward Circuit Activity and Clinical Symptoms in Depression: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial.

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Preclinical studies point to the KCNQ2/3 potassium channel as a novel target for the treatment of depression and anhedonia, a reduced ability to experience pleasure. The authors conducted the first […]

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Using machine learning to predict suicide in the 30 days after discharge from psychiatric hospital in Denmark.

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Suicide risk is high in the 30 days after discharge from psychiatric hospital, but knowledge of the profiles of high-risk patients remains limited.To examine sex-specific risk profiles for suicide in […]

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Visual Hallucinations in a Patient With Moyamoya Disease: A Review and Case Report.

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Moyamoya disease (MMD) is characterized by the progressive development of stenosis in the distal carotid territory and an abnormal vascular network. It is a rare disease with a higher prevalence […]

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Effect of Layperson-Delivered, Empathy-Focused Program of Telephone Calls on Loneliness, Depression, and Anxiety Among Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

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Loneliness is a risk factor for many clinical conditions, but there are few effective interventions deployable at scale.To determine whether a layperson-delivered, empathy-focused program of telephone calls could rapidly improve […]

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Accuracy of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) for screening to detect major depression among pregnant and postpartum women: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data.

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To evaluate the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) for screening to detect major depression in pregnant and postpartum women.Individual participant data meta-analysis.Medline, Medline In-Process and Other Non-Indexed Citations, PsycINFO, and […]

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Contraception for Women With Psychiatric Disorders.

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Mental health care for women includes decision support to prepare for major life events, including preconception planning for treatment during pregnancy and the postpartum period. The authors discuss contraceptive choices […]

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