I. Indices of Pain Intensity derived from Ecological Momentary Assessments: Rationale and Stakeholder Preferences.

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Pain assessment that fully represents patients’ pain experiences is essential for chronic pain research and management. The traditional primary outcome measure has been a patient’s average pain intensity over a […]

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Comparison of Four Pain Scales Among Hmong Patients with Limited English Proficiency.

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Little is known about the relevance of existing pain scales for patients with limited English proficiency (LEP).To determine the ranking and perceptions of four pain intensity scales in LEP Hmong.A […]

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Transcranial direct current stimulation accelerates the onset of exercise-induced hypoalgesia: a randomised controlled study.

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Exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) describes acute reductions in pain that occur following exercise. Current evidence suggests that the magnitude of EIH is small-to-moderate at best, warranting exploration of novel avenues to […]

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Effect of Melatonin on Postoperative Pain and Perioperative Opioid Use: A Meta-analysis and Trial Sequential Analysis.

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We performed the meta-analysis in order to assess the effect of melatonin on postoperative pain and perioperative opioid consumption.We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library until October 2019 […]

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Absence of Iodinated Contrast Hypersensitivity and Characterization of Gadolinium Utilization in an Interventional Pain Population.

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Iodinated contrast media (ICM) allergy labels pose a unique clinical problem for the interventional pain physician due to the drawbacks of gadolinium for enhancement during pain procedure, as well as […]

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Altered brainstem pain modulating circuitry functional connectivity in chronic painful Temporomandibular Disorder.

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Evidence in preclinical models of chronic pain and human psychophysical investigations has suggested that alterations in endogenous brainstem pain-modulation circuit functioning are critical for the initiation and maintenance of pain. […]

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Decrease in opioid and intra-articular corticosteroid burden after intra-articular hyaluronic acid for knee osteoarthritis treatment.

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Aim: We studied changes in opioid prescriptions and corticosteroid injection use for knee osteoarthritis patients before and after intra-articular hyaluronic acid (HA) use and opioid prescriptions before and after knee arthroplasty (KA). […]

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The CA1 hippocampal serotonin alterations involved in anxiety-like behavior induced by sciatic nerve injury in rats.

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Objectives Several clinical and experimental studies reported the anxiety as one of the neuropathic pain comorbidities; however, the mechanisms involved in this comorbidity are incompletely cleared. The current study investigated […]

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Associations of neck and shoulder pain with objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time among school-aged children.

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Objectives The potential effects of physical activity and sedentary time on children’s increasing neck and shoulder pain are unclear. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the associations […]

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Patients with shoulder pain referred to specialist care; treatment, predictors of pain and disability, emotional distress, main symptoms and sick-leave: a cohort study with a six-months follow-up.

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Objectives Recommendations for referral of patients with shoulder pain from primary to specialist care are mainly clinical. Several patients are referred without meeting these criteria for referral, whereas some are […]

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Psychosocial subgroups in high-performance athletes with low back pain: eustress-endurance is most frequent, distress-endurance most problematic!

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Objectives In non-athletes, fear-avoidance and endurance-related pain responses appear to influence the development and maintenance of low back pain (LBP). The avoidance-endurance model (AEM) postulates three dysfunctional pain response patterns […]

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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the primary motor cortex in management of chronic neuropathic pain: a systematic review.

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Objectives Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the primary motor cortex (M1) with frequencies 5-20 Hz is an expanding non-invasive treatment for chronic neuropathic pain (NP). Outcome data, however, show considerable […]

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Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric validation of the Hausa version of Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire in patients with non-specific low back pain.

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Objectives Orebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire (OMPSQ) is widely used in clinical practice and for research purpose to screen the risk of chronicity in patients with Non-specific low back pain […]

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Think twice before starting a new trial; what is the impact of recommendations to stop doing new trials?

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Objectives In evidence-based medicine, we base our conclusions on the effectiveness of interventions on the results of high-quality meta-analysis. If a new randomized controlled trial (RCT) is unlikely to change […]

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Evaluating patients who present with pain complaints to a community hospital emergency department: Opioid prescription tracking software versus provider gestalt.

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This study aimed to compare provider gestalt to assigned Narx score, a common prescription drug monitor-ing program (PDMP) component that gauges the patient’s risk of misuse or abuse.This is a […]

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Adjuvant interventions with opioids for vaso-occlusive crisis in sickle cell disease: A mixed treatment network meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials.

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Vaso-occlusive crisis is the most common clinical feature requiring opioid analgesics in patients with sickle cell disease. We conducted a network meta-analysis to compare the drugs that can be used […]

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Systematic urine drug testing for detecting and managing opioid misuse among chronic noncancer pain patients in primary care-The HARMS Program: A retrospective chart review of 77 patients.

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The prevalence of opioid abuse has reached an epidemic level. National guidelines recommend safer opioid prescribing practices, including potentially monitoring patients with urine drug testing (UDT). There is limited research […]

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A multidimensional Rasch analysis of the screener and opioid assessment for patients with pain-revised.

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Pilot study to assess psychometric indices of the screener and opioid assessment for patients with pain-revised (SOAPP-R©) with item response theory.Correlational.Patients.The SOAPP-R©, the pain self-efficacy questionnaire (PSE-Q), and the patient […]

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IV tramadol: A novel option for US patients with acute pain-A review of its pharmacokinetics, abuse potential and clinical safety record.

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Tramadol is a centrally acting dual-mechanism (opioid and monoamine reuptake inhibition) analgesic that has been noted to have a lower risk of abuse compared to conventional opioids such as morphine. […]

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Prevalence and Incidence of Phantom Limb Pain, Phantom Limb Sensations and Telescoping in Amputees: A Systematic Rapid Review.

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This systematic, rapid review aimed to critically appraise and synthesise the recent literature (2014-2019) evaluating the incidence and prevalence of post-amputation phantom limb pain (PLP) and sensation (PLS).Five databases (Medline, […]

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