A Longitudinal Study of Resting-State Connectivity and Response to Psychostimulant Treatment in ADHD.

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Psychostimulants are first-line pharmacological treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), although symptom reduction varies widely between patients and these individual differences in treatment response are poorly understood. The authors […]

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Restrained eating in Lebanese adolescents: scale validation and correlates.

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Restrained eating disorder is prevalent worldwide across both ethnic and different cultural groups, and most importantly within the adolescent population. Additionally, comorbidities of restrained eating present a large burden on […]

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6-month multidisciplinary follow-up and outcomes of patients with paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome (PIMS-TS) at a UK tertiary paediatric hospital: a retrospective cohort study.

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Paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 (PIMS-TS) is a new, rare, post-infectious complication of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children. We aimed to describe the 6-month outcomes of PIMS-TS.This retrospective […]

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Pediatric dentists’ perspectives of children with special health care needs in Japan: developmental disabilities, phobia, maltreatment, and multidisciplinary collaboration.

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The number of children diagnosed with developmental disabilities (DDs) or other chronic difficulties has risen. However, each professional’s awareness of children with developmental, emotional and behavioural difficulties may differ, allowing […]

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Associations between significant head injury and persisting disability and violent crime in women in prison in Scotland, UK: a cross-sectional study.

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The prevalence of head injury is estimated to be as high as 55% in women in prison and might be a risk factor for violent offending, but evidence is equivocal. […]

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Effect of an Internet-Delivered Stepped-Care Program vs In-Person Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Symptoms in Children and Adolescents: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

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In most countries, young people with obsessive-compulsive disorder have limited access to specialist cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a first-line treatment.To investigate whether internet-delivered CBT implemented in a stepped-care model is […]

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Effect of an Internet-Delivered Stepped-Care Program vs In-Person Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Symptoms in Children and Adolescents: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

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In most countries, young people with obsessive-compulsive disorder have limited access to specialist cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a first-line treatment.To investigate whether internet-delivered CBT implemented in a stepped-care model is […]

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Neurodevelopmental outcomes at age 5 among children born preterm: EPIPAGE-2 cohort study.

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To describe neurodevelopment at age 5 among children born preterm.Population based cohort study, EPIPAGE-2.France, 2011.4441 children aged 5½ born at 24-26, 27-31, and 32-34 weeks MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Severe/moderate neurodevelopmental […]

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Variable Emergence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms From Childhood to Early Adulthood.

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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is currently considered an early-onset neurodevelopmental condition. Follow-up studies of clinic-ascertained autism suggest that autistic symptoms typically decline with age, although symptom improvement is limited for […]

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Intimate partner violence and child outcomes at age 10: a pregnancy cohort.

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Assess the mental health, physical health, cognitive and language development of 10-year old children in families where mothers have reported intimate partner violence (IPV) compared with children with no reported […]

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Paediatric to adult healthcare transition in resource-limited settings: a narrative review.

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Ageing into adulthood is challenging at baseline, and doing so with a chronic disease can add increased stress and vulnerability. Worldwide, a substantial care gap exists as children transition from […]

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The effect of vitamin D and magnesium supplementation on the mental health status of attention-deficit hyperactive children: a randomized controlled trial.

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Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by varying severity in attention deficit and hyperactivity. Studies have shown deficiencies in the serum level of magnesium and vitamin […]

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Stigma and psychological distress among pediatric participants in the FD/MAS Alliance Patient Registry.

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Stigma, both enacted and internalized, is part of the illness experience of many chronic conditions / diseases and has been found to increase psychological distress, lower self-esteem, and impact social […]

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Prolonged Emergency Department Length of Stay for US Pediatric Mental Health Visits (2005-2015).

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Children seeking care in the emergency department (ED) for mental health conditions are at risk for prolonged length of stay (LOS). A more contemporary description of trends and visit characteristics […]

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Parents’ experiences of caring for a young child with type 1 diabetes: a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative evidence.

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To synthesise the qualitative evidence on parents’ experiences of caring for a child aged ≤8 years with type 1 diabetes to identify: the challenges they encounter; their views about support received; […]

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Factors associated with problematic internet use among a large sample of Lebanese adolescents.

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International literature clearly describes factors associated with problematic internet use, including substance dependence, online gambling, social impairment, and functional difficulties. Therefore, it was imperative to assess the extent to which […]

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Maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada: a longitudinal analysis.

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Parents have faced substantial social and economic challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic. Preliminary cross-sectional research has demonstrated increases in mental health problems in mothers during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with […]

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Caring for American Indian and Alaska Native Children and Adolescents.

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American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations have substantial health inequities, and most of their disease entities begin in childhood. In addition, AI/AN children and adolescents have excessive disease rates […]

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Effects of equine-assisted activities on attention and quality of life in children with cerebral palsy in a randomized trial: examining the comorbidity with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

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Attention problems and decreased quality of life are frequently accompanied in Cerebral Palsy (CP), which can negatively affect rehabilitation of physical disability. However, the majority of affected children remain untreated […]

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Gene-environment correlations and causal effects of childhood maltreatment on physical and mental health: a genetically informed approach.

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Childhood maltreatment is associated with poor mental and physical health. However, the mechanisms of gene-environment correlations and the potential causal effects of childhood maltreatment on health are unknown. Using genetics, […]

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Impact of lockdown and school closure on children in special schools: a single-centre survey.

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Special schools play a significant role in the daily lives of children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities. We explored the impact of the COVID-19-related first lockdown […]

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Building a Community Partnership in a Pandemic: NJ Pediatric Residency Advocacy Collaborative.

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The New Jersey Pediatric Residency Advocacy Collaborative (NJPRAC) is a statewide collaborative with faculty leads from each of the 10 New Jersey pediatric residency programs. The 2 major goals of […]

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Health of mothers of children with a life-limiting condition: a comparative cohort study.

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This study aimed to quantify the incidence rates of common mental and physical health conditions in mothers of children with a life-limiting condition.Comparative national longitudinal cohort study using linked primary […]

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Efficacy of Intravenous Ketamine in Adolescent Treatment-Resistant Depression: A Randomized Midazolam-Controlled Trial.

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Adolescent depression is prevalent and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Although intravenous ketamine has shown efficacy in adult treatment-resistant depression, its efficacy in pediatric populations is unknown. The […]

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