Distal Tibial Guided Growth for Anterolateral Bowing of the Tibia: Fracture May Be Prevented.

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Congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia is a rare and challenging pediatric condition. The pre-fracture state, called congenital tibial dysplasia or anterolateral bowing of the tibia, presents a high fracture risk […]

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Response profile of fibular repositioning tape on ankle osteokinematics, arthrokinematics, perceived stability and confidence in chronic ankle instability.

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Preliminary evidence suggests that fibular repositioning tape reduces risk of recurrent ankle injuries, but the underlying mechanism has not been investigated.To investigate the effects of fibular repositioning tape on ankle […]

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Effects of specific muscle activation for low back pain on activity limitation, pain, work participation, or recurrence: A systematic review.

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Specific muscle activation (SMA) is a commonly used treatment for people with low back pain (LBP) however there is variability in systematic reviews to date on effectiveness. This may be […]

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Comparative analysis of the lateral and posterolateral trajectories for fixation of the sacroiliac joint-a cadaveric study.

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A number of minimally invasive sacroiliac (SI) joint fusion solutions for placing implants exist, with reduced post-operative pain and improved outcomes compared to open procedures. The objective of this study […]

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Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) versus open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in the treatment of distal fibula Danis-Weber types B and C fractures.

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Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) has been reported to be superior to open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in the treatment of different long bone fractures. Nevertheless, in distal fibula […]

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Autophagy in spinal ligament fibroblasts: evidence and possible implications for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament.

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The molecular mechanisms of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) remain to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the autophagy of spinal ligament fibroblasts […]

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Complex foot deformities associated with lower limb deformities: a new therapeutic strategy for simultaneous correction using Ilizarov procedure together with osteotomy and soft tissue release.

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The aim of the current study is to introduce a new therapeutic strategy for simultaneous correction of complex foot deformities (CFD) and the associated lower limb deformities (LLD) by using […]

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Galuteolin suppresses proliferation and inflammation in TNF-α-induced RA-FLS cells by activating HMOX1 to regulate IKKβ/NF-κB pathway.

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Galuteolin (Galu) is a substance extracted and purified from honeysuckle. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of Galu on the TNF-α-induced RA-FLS cells (synoviocytes) and reveal […]

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Correlation of the anatomical sacral slope with pelvic incidence in female patients with developmental hip dysplasia: a retrospective cross-sectional study.

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The anatomical sacral slope is considered as an anatomical pelvic parameter independent of femoral head centers for measurement of anatomical sacral slope and was previously described to strongly correlate with […]

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Biomechanical Comparison of a Novel Method of Tricortical Kirschner Wire Fixation of Distal Chevron Osteotomies of the First Metatarsal Versus Traditional Kirschner Wire and Versus Screw Fixation.

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Traditional Kirschner wire (K-wire) stabilization of first metatarsal distal chevron osteotomy involves 1 cortex of fixation; however, unicortical fixation is associated with a high complication rate, including pin migration. A […]

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Examination of Safe Zone to Avoid Injury of the Lateral Plantar Artery During Calcaneal Osteotomy: A Fresh Cadaveric Study.

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Calcaneal osteotomy are used to treat various pathologies in the correction of hindfoot deformities. But lateral plantar artery (LPA) pseudoaneurysms have been reported following calcaneal osteotomy, and LPA pseudoaneurysms may […]

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Incidence of intraspinal abnormalities in congenital scoliosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis on the overall incidence of intraspinal abnormalities in patients with congenital scoliosis (CS) and potential influencing factors.We searched three large electronic databases […]

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Distally based peroneal artery perforator-plus fasciocutaneous flap in the reconstruction of soft tissue defects over the distal forefoot: a retrospectively analyzed clinical trial.

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Distally based peroneal artery perforator-plus fasciocutaneous (DPAPF) flaps are widely used for reconstructing soft-tissue defects of the lower extremity. However, reports on the reconstruction of the defects over the distal […]

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A neglected problem in the utilization of free anterolateral thigh flap toward reconstructing complicated wounds of extremities: the obliteration of deep dead space.

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Deep dead space may be thought as an independent risk factor of the poor infection control after flap reconstruction in complex limb wounds. But it can be easily neglected. The […]

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The Evolving Impact of COVID-19 on Medical Student Orthopedic Education: Perspectives From Medical Students in Different Phases of the Curriculum.

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The world-wide lockdown caused by Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has upended the trajectories of lives everywhere. The medical profession has been on the front lines of this rapidly developing situation, […]

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Postoperative Dexamethasone Following Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

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Surgeons have hesitated to use steroids in patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion because of the risk of wound complications. The literature has supported the use of postoperative steroids in other […]

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Posterior column osteotomy plus unilateral cage strutting for correction of lumbosacral fractional curve in degenerative lumbar scoliosis.

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Inadequate release of the posterior spinal bone elements may hinder the correction of the lumbosacral fractional curve in degenerative lumbar scoliosis, since the lumbosacral junction tends to be particularly rigid […]

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The Orthopedic Residency Program at Hamad Medical Corporation During COVID-19 Crisis: an Evolving Educational Strategy.

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The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the strategies of most of the teaching hospitals worldwide, affecting the educational process in residency programs. The System Wide Incident Command Committee in the state […]

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Improved Detection of Scaphoid Fractures with High-Resolution Peripheral Quantitative CT Compared with Conventional CT.

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Computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging, and bone scintigraphy are second-line imaging techniques that are frequently used for the evaluation of patients with a clinically suspected scaphoid fracture. However, as […]

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Examination of the Role of Cells in Commercially Available Cellular Allografts in Spine Fusion: An in Vivo Animal Study.

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Despite the extensive use of cellular bone matrices (CBMs) in spine surgery, there is little evidence to support the contribution of cells within CBMs to bone formation. The objective of […]

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Geographic Variation and Disparities in Total Joint Replacement Use for Medicare Beneficiaries: 2009 to 2017.

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Little is known about how the geographic variation and disparities in use of elective primary total hip and knee replacements for Medicare beneficiaries have evolved in recent years. The study […]

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Quadriceps Weakness After Single-Shot Adductor Canal Block: A Multivariate Analysis of 1,083 Primary Total Knee Arthroplasties.

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Adductor canal blocks (ACBs) are commonly employed in multimodal pain control for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and minimize motor blockade compared with femoral nerve blocks. Quadriceps weakness may be associated […]

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Irrigation and Debridement with Chronic Antibiotic Suppression Is as Effective as 2-Stage Exchange in Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty with Extensive Instrumentation.

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Extraction of implants because of periprosthetic infection (PJI) following complex revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) with extensive instrumentation is a daunting undertaking for surgeon and patient alike. The purpose of […]

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Influence of Femoral Component Design on Proximal Femoral Bone Mass After Total Hip Replacement: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

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In this randomized controlled trial (RCT), we compared bone remodeling and bone turnover between 2 total hip arthroplasty implants-the short, proximally porous-coated Tri-Lock Bone-Preservation Stem and a conventional, fully-coated Corail […]

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Estimates of Direct and Indirect Costs of Ankle Fractures: A Prospective Analysis.

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The quantification of the costs of ankle fractures and their associated treatments has garnered increased attention in orthopaedics through cost-effectiveness analysis. The purpose of this study was to prospectively assess […]

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Connecting at the Webside: Rapid Telehealth Implementation for Musculoskeletal Clinicians.

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Telehealth is rapidly being implemented in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite evidence for the effectiveness of telehealth for musculoskeletal examination and treatment, there is a lack of clear guidance […]

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Larger Initial Opioid Prescriptions Following Total Joint Arthroplasty Are Associated with Greater Risk of Prolonged Use.

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The ongoing U.S. opioid epidemic threatens quality of life and poses substantial economic and safety burdens to opioid abusers and their communities, physicians, and health-care systems. Public health experts have […]

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‘Return to the New Normal’: Innovative Solutions for Safe Ponseti Casting in Clubfoot Clinics during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

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Clubfoot treatment using the Ponseti method has been severely impacted as a result of lockdown measures implemented by several countries during the COVID-19 pandemic. As clubfoot clinics begin phased re-opening, […]

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