After aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH), extracellular haemoglobin (Hb) in the subarachnoid space is bound by haptoglobin, neutralising Hb toxicity and helping its clearance. Two exons in the HP gene (encoding […]» Read more
Cross-sectional and longitudinal measures of chitinase proteins in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and expression of CHI3L1 in activated astrocytes.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a complex disease with numerous pathological mechanisms resulting in a heterogeneous patient population. Using biomarkers for particular disease mechanisms may enrich a homogeneous subset of […]» Read more
Areflexia or hyporeflexia is a mandatory clinical criterion for the diagnosis of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). A systematic review of the literature from 1 January 1993 to 30 August 2019 revealed […]» Read more
ALS-derived fibroblasts exhibit reduced proliferation rate, cytoplasmic TDP-43 aggregation and a higher susceptibility to DNA damage.
Dermic fibroblasts have been proposed as a potential genetic-ALS cellular model. This study aimed to explore whether dermic fibroblasts from patients with sporadic-ALS (sALS) recapitulate alterations typical of ALS motor […]» Read more
Prognosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients undergoing tracheostomy invasive ventilation therapy in Japan.
The aim of this study is to describe and clarify the factors affecting the prognosis of Japanese patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) undergoing tracheostomy invasive ventilation (TIV) therapy.We conducted […]» Read more
Brain MRI of multiple system atrophy of cerebellar type: a prospective study with implications for diagnosis criteria.
The second consensus statement for the diagnosis of multiple system atrophy type cerebellar (MSA-C) includes pons and middle cerebellar peduncle (MCP) atrophy as MRI features. However, other MRI abnormalities such […]» Read more
There are few validated fluid biomarkers in frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is a measure of astrogliosis, a known pathological process of FTD, but has yet to […]» Read more
To analyze deep brain stimulation (DBS) outcomes in patients with cervical dystonia (CD), the relationships between motor and disability/pain outcomes, and the differences in outcomes between globus pallidus internus (GPi) […]» Read more
Effect of rovatirelin in patients with cerebellar ataxia: two randomised double-blind placebo-controlled phase 3 trials.
To investigate the efficacy of rovatirelin, a thyrotropin-releasing hormone analogue, for ataxias in patients with spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD).Two multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 studies (KPS1301, KPS1305) enrolled patients with […]» Read more
To determine whether brain volumetric and white matter microstructural changes are present and correlate with neurological impairment in subjects with alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC).In this prospective single-center study, 12 […]» Read more
Questioning the existence of monophasic neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder by defining a novel long-term relapse-free form from a large Chinese population.
To clarify the existence of monophasic neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) and to identify predictive factors of long-term relapse-free form.We retrospectively analyzed 289 Chinese patients with NMOSD. Selected subjects were […]» Read more
Clinical features and prognosis of late-onset neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders in a Latin American cohort.
We aimed to assess the clinical, paraclinical, imaging and prognostic features of patients with late-onset neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (LO-NMOSD; ≥ 50 years at disease onset) LO-NMOSD, compared with early onset-NMOSD (EO-NMOSD, […]» Read more
Effectiveness, retention, and safety of modified ketogenic diet in adults with epilepsy at a tertiary-care centre in the UK.
With the rising demand for ketogenic diet therapy in adult epilepsy, there is a need for research describing the real-life effectiveness, retention, and safety of relevant services. In this 1-year […]» Read more
Growing evidence has suggested that epilepsy is a disease with alterations in brain connectivity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the changes in brain connectivity can predict […]» Read more
Haptoglobin is a haemoglobin-scavenging protein that binds and neutralises free haemoglobin and modulates inflammation and endothelial progenitor cell function. A HP gene copy number variation (CNV) generates HP1 and HP2 […]» Read more
Quantity and quality of gait and turning in people with multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease and matched controls during daily living.
Clinical trials need to specify which specific gait characteristics to monitor as mobility measures for each neurological disorder. As a first step, this study aimed to investigate a set of […]» Read more
Alien limb in the corticobasal syndrome: phenomenological characteristics and relationship to apraxia.
Alien limb refers to movements that seem purposeful but are independent of patients’ reported intentions. Alien limb often co-occurs with apraxia in the corticobasal syndrome, and anatomical and phenomenological comparisons […]» Read more
Placebo and nocebo phenomena in anti- CGRP monoclonal antibody trials for migraine prevention: a meta-analysis.
High placebo and low nocebo phenomena mirror high positive expectations for a novel treatment, among other reasons. In a meta-analysis aimed to identify placebo and nocebo phenomena in the placebo-controlled […]» Read more
Click here to read the full article @ Journal of neurology» Read more
Contactin-associated protein-like 2 (CASPR2) autoantibody disease has a variable clinical phenotype. We present a case report and performed a systematic review of the literature to summarize: (1) the clinical phenotype […]» Read more
Endovascular thrombectomy is an effective intervention for symptomatic intracranial large-vessel occlusion. This treatment has proven benefit up to 24 hours following onset in selected patients with prestroke functional independence. Limited […]» Read more
Amyloid transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis with polyneuropathy (PN) is a progressive, debilitating, systemic disease wherein transthyretin protein misfolds to form amyloid, which is deposited in the endoneurium. ATTR amyloidosis with PN […]» Read more
Brain activity during lower limb movements in Parkinson’s disease patients with and without freezing of gait.
In this study, we assessed brain functional MRI (fMRI) activity during a foot movement task in Parkinson’s disease patients with (PD-FoG) and without freezing of gait (PD-noFoG). Twenty-seven PD patients […]» Read more
Sensory trick may relieve dystonic symptoms in patients with idiopathic cervical dystonia (CD). We investigated the patterns of brain functional MRI (fMRI) during resting state, sensory trick simulation and sensory […]» Read more
Impulsive compulsive behaviors (ICBs) in Parkinson’s disease (PD) are debilitating disorders of repetitive, excessive, and compulsive nature affecting up to one third of PD patients. Objectives are to address clinical, […]» Read more
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is a neuromodulatory therapeutic option for drug-resistant epilepsy. In randomised controlled trials, VNS implantation has resulted in over 50% reduction in seizure frequency in 26%-40% of […]» Read more
Cardiovascular autonomic testing in the work-up of cerebellar ataxia: insight from an observational single center study.
Cerebellar ataxias are a heterogeneous group of disorders of both genetic and non-genetic origin. In sporadic cases, two entities are recognized: multiple system atrophy of cerebellar type (MSA-C) and SAOA […]» Read more
Sleep problems and risk of all-cause cognitive decline or dementia: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.
To conduct an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of association between sleep and all-cause cognitive disorders.PubMed and EMBASE were searched from inception to 18 February 2019. Cohort studies exploring longitudinal […]» Read more
In this population-based study, we aimed to determine whether neuropsychiatric history, medication or family history of neuropsychiatric disorders predicted cognitive and/or behavioural impairment in motor neuron disease (MND).People with MND […]» Read more
Long-term safety and efficacy of closed-loop spinal cord stimulation to treat chronic back and leg pain (Evoke): a double-blind, randomised, controlled trial.
Spinal cord stimulation has been an established treatment for chronic back and leg pain for more than 50 years; however, outcomes are variable and unpredictable, and objective evidence of the […]» Read more