In the HIV pandemic, cisgender (ie, non-transgender) men with transgender partners are an underserved population. Complexities of sexuality and gender affect HIV vulnerability for this group, including not identifying with […]» Read more
Oral human papillomavirus infection in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected MSM: the OHMAR prospective cohort study.
We aimed to assess incidence and clearance of oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and the respective risk factors in HIV-infected and uninfected men who have sex with men (MSM).Oral rinse […]» Read more
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The age of people with HIV) continues to rise, and yet older people have tended to be under-represented or excluded from premarketing studies of antiretroviral therapy (ART). In this review, […]» Read more
To highlight recent data on antiretroviral adherence in older people living with HIV (PLWH), describe the most relevant pharmacokinetic antiretroviral studies, and identify critical research gaps in this population.Overall, studies […]» Read more
Quantifying HIV transmission flow between high-prevalence hotspots and surrounding communities: a population-based study in Rakai, Uganda.
International and global organisations advocate targeting interventions to areas of high HIV prevalence (ie, hotspots). To better understand the potential benefits of geo-targeted control, we assessed the extent to which […]» Read more
Prevalence and incidence of Mycoplasma genitalium in a cohort of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected pregnant women in Cape Town, South Africa.
Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is a sexually transmitted organism associated with cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease in women and has been shown to increase the risk of HIV acquisition and transmission. […]» Read more
Continuation of emtricitabine/lamivudine within combination antiretroviral therapy following detection of the M184V/I HIV-1 resistance mutation.
The aim of the study was to investigate whether lamivudine (3TC) or emtricitabine (FTC) use following detection of M184V/I is associated with better virological outcomes.We identified people with viruses harbouring […]» Read more
Human papillomavirus and abnormal cervical lesions among HIV-infected women in HIV-discordant couples from Kenya.
HIV infection increases the risk of high-grade cervical neoplasia and invasive cervical carcinoma. The study addresses the limited data describing human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical neoplasia among HIV-infected women […]» Read more
On-demand HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis: what are the healthcare workers’ barriers to delivery in a culturally and linguistically diverse population?
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Safety, pharmacokinetics, and antiretroviral activity of islatravir (ISL, MK-8591), a novel nucleoside reverse transcriptase translocation inhibitor, following single-dose administration to treatment-naive adults infected with HIV-1: an open-label, phase 1b, consecutive-panel trial.
Islatravir (also known as ISL and MK-8591) is a unique nucleoside reverse transcriptase translocation inhibitor in clinical development for treatment of people with HIV-1 infection. In preclinical studies, intracellular islatravir-triphosphate […]» Read more
Impact of maternal HIV-HBV coinfection on pregnancy outcomes in an underdeveloped rural area of southwest China.
Our objective was to determine the impact of maternal HIV-hepatitis B virus (HBV) coinfection on pregnancy outcomes.The current study was conducted in a county of Yi Autonomous Prefecture in southwest […]» Read more
Immunogenicity and safety of different dosing schedules of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in pregnant women with HIV: a randomised controlled trial.
Standard-dose, seasonal, trivalent, inactivated influenza vaccine induces moderate-to-low haemagglutination-inhibition antibody responses in people living with HIV. This study assessed the immunogenicity and safety of different dosing schedules of inactivated influenza […]» Read more
Sexually transmitted infections in persons living with HIV infection and estimated HIV transmission risk: trends over time from the DC Cohort.
A rise in incidence of STIs has been noted in the USA and in the District of Columbia (DC). We aim to describe changes in incident STIs among persons in […]» Read more
Anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is highly prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM). HPV-associated anal dysplasia has been linked with anal HIV RNA shedding despite antiretroviral therapy […]» Read more
Contribution of transgender sex workers to the complexity of the HIV-1 epidemic in the metropolitan area of Milan.
Transgender people are disproportionately affected by the HIV-1 epidemic. We evaluated the origin of HIV-1 variants carried by South American transgenders living in Milan by combining accurate phylogenetic methods and […]» Read more
Mycoplasma genitalium acquisition and macrolide resistance after initiation of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis in men who have sex with men.
Recent evidence shows that patients using HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) have an increased rate of bacterial STIs, including syphilis, chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Our study aimed to describe the acquisition and […]» Read more
Partnerships between academia and the community led to historic advances in HIV and paved the way for ongoing community engagement in research. Three decades later, we review the state of […]» Read more
Combined effects of HIV and obesity on the gastrointestinal microbiome of young men who have sex with men.
The prevalence of obesity is rising among people living with HIV, which may synergistically increase inflammation and the risk of associated diseases. Disruption of gut bacterial communities may be one […]» Read more
Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4), a potential biomarker of frailty in HIV-infected people on stable antiretroviral therapy.
A quantitative biomarker for identification of pre-frail and frail persons is still lacking. This study aimed to identify biomarker predictors of frailty in HIV-infected patients.A cross-sectional study of HIV-infected patients […]» Read more
How helpful are the European AIDS Clinical Society cognitive screening questions in predicting cognitive impairment in an aging, well-treated HIV-positive population?
Diagnosing neurocognitive impairment (NCI) in HIV infection requires time-consuming neuropsychological assessment. Screening tools are needed to identify when neuropsychological referral is indicated. We examined the positive and negative predictive values […]» Read more
Effect of expanding opioid agonist therapies on the HIV epidemic and mortality in Ukraine: a modelling study.
As HIV incidence and mortality continue to increase in eastern Europe and central Asia, particularly among people who inject drugs (PWID), it is crucial to effectively scale-up opioid agonist therapy […]» Read more
Trends in post-partum viral load among women living with perinatal HIV infection in the USA: a prospective cohort study.
Small studies reported poor post-partum outcomes among young women living with perinatal HIV infection who are now ageing into adulthood and becoming pregnant. For targeted clinical intervention, we sought to […]» Read more
Addressing the global burden of hepatitis B virus while developing long-acting injectables for the prevention and treatment of HIV.
The first long-acting formulations of HIV drugs are undergoing regulatory review for use in maintenance of viral suppression in people with HIV. Although these novel drug formulations could contribute greatly […]» Read more
Despite an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in people living with HIV (PLWH), a gap in statin prescribing practices has been described for statin-eligble PLWH and uninfected patients. Few data […]» Read more
Aging and HIV share features of intestinal damage and alterations in the communities of enteric bacteria, termed dysbiosis. The purpose of this review is to highlight the various features of […]» Read more
HIV-1 genotype is independently associated with immunodeficiency progression among Chinese men who have sex with men: an observational cohort study.
HIV-1 genetic diversity is increasing among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China, but the association of HIV-1 genotype with disease progression remains to be elucidated.We collected data […]» Read more