Evidence suggests that denture non-use is significantly associated with activities of daily living, oral function, and cognitive decline. Few studies have focused on the possibility that the indications for denture […]» Read more
Inter-rater reliability of care home staff’s proxy judgements with residents’ assessments of their own health-related quality of life: an analysis of the PATCH trial EQ-5D data.
to compare care staff proxies with care home residents’ self-assessment of their health-related quality of life (HRQoL).we assessed the degree of inter-rater reliability between residents and care staff proxies for […]» Read more
The concept of anorexia of aging in late life depression: A cross-sectional analysis of a cohort study.
Anorexia of aging (AA) is classically associated with depression. However, robust evidence is lacking regarding general clinic populations. Our aim was to evaluate the association between AA and major depressive […]» Read more
To compare surgical outcomes between vulnerable nursing home (NH) residents and matched community-dwelling older adults undergoing surgery for bladder and bowel dysfunction.Retrospective cohort study.A total of 55,389 NH residents and […]» Read more
COVID-19 is not over and age is not enough: Using frailty for prognostication in hospitalized patients.
Frailty screening using the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) has been proposed to guide resource allocation in acute care settings during the pandemic. However, the association between frailty and coronavirus disease […]» Read more
Efficacy, feasibility and acceptability of the OptiMEDs tool for multidisciplinary medication review in nursing homes.
Exploring efficacy, feasibility and acceptability of a complex multifaced intervention (OptiMEDs) supporting multidisciplinary medication reviews in Belgian nursing homes (NHs).A pilot study in 2 intervention, 1 control NH was held, […]» Read more
Transitions in frailty phenotype states and components over 8 years: Evidence from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing.
Fried’s frailty phenotype (FP) is defined by exhaustion (EX), unexplained weight loss (WL), weakness (WK), slowness (SL) and low physical activity (LA). Three or more components define the frail state, […]» Read more
Older adults’ experiences with and perceptions of the use of socially assistive robots in aged care: A systematic review of quantitative evidence.
Socially assistive robots (SARs) are created to meet challenges of the global increase of older adults. SARs are autonomous embodied technologies, equipped with auditory and visual faculties, enabling them to […]» Read more
While the Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care (RAI-HC) tool was designed to support comprehensive geriatric assessment in home care, it is more often used for service allocation and little is known […]» Read more
Feasibility of a multicomponent cognitive behavioral intervention for fear of falling after hip fracture: process evaluation of the FIT-HIP intervention.
This study describes the process evaluation of an intervention developed to reduce fear of falling (FoF) after hip fracture, within an inpatient geriatric rehabilitation setting. This ‘FIT-HIP intervention’ is a […]» Read more
Hospital at Home services: An inventory of fee-for-service payments to inform Medicare reimbursement.
Hospital at Home (HaH) is a growing model of care with proven patient benefits. However, for the types of services required to provide an episode of HaH, full Medicare reimbursement […]» Read more
Foot problems are common in older adults and associated with poorer physical function, falls, frailty and reduced quality of life. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA), a multidisciplinary process that is considered […]» Read more
Nutritional management in inpatients with aspiration pneumonia: a cohort medical claims database study.
This study aimed to describe real-world nutrition management patterns among inpatients hospitalized for aspiration pneumonia, using a medical claims database in Japan.Patients aged ≥65 years hospitalized for aspiration pneumonia treatment […]» Read more
People with Parkinson’s disease (PD) have described their walking difficulties as linked to activity avoidance, social isolation, reduced independence and quality of life. There is a knowledge gap regarding predictive […]» Read more
Physical performance across the cognitive spectrum and between dementia subtypes in a population-based sample of older adults: The HUNT study.
Literature on physical performance in older adults across the cognitive spectrum remains inconclusive, and knowledge on differences between dementia subtypes is lacking. We aim to identify distinct physical-performance deficits across […]» Read more
Primary dementia care based on the individual needs of the patient: study protocol of the cluster randomized controlled trial, DemStepCare.
Most people with dementia (PwD) are cared for at home, with general practitioners (GPs) playing a key part in the treatment. However, primary dementia care suffers from a number of […]» Read more
ABT-263 enhanced bacterial phagocytosis of macrophages in aged mouse through Beclin-1-dependent autophagy.
Sepsis is a critical challenge for the older adults as the immune function is less responsive by aging. Although cell numbers seem preserved in the older adults, macrophages present age-related […]» Read more
although frailty and delirium are among the most frequent and burdensome geriatric syndromes, little is known about their association and impact on short-term mortality.to examine, in hospitalized older persons, whether […]» Read more
Associations between physical function and device-based measures of physical activity and sedentary behavior patterns in older adults: moving beyond moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity.
Research supports that moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) is key to prolonged health and function. Among older adults, substantial changes to MVPA may be infeasible, thus a growing literature suggests […]» Read more
Efficacy of quetiapine for delirium prevention in hospitalized older medical patients: a randomized double-blind controlled trial.
Delirium is a common disorder among hospitalized older patients and results in increased morbidity and mortality. The prevention of delirium is still challenging in older patient care. The role of […]» Read more
Reduction in unplanned hospitalizations associated with a physician focused intervention to reduce potentially inappropriate medication use among older adults: a population-based cohort study.
A multimodal general practitioner-focused intervention in the Local Health Authority (LHA) of Parma, Italy, substantially reduced the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use among older adults. Our objective was […]» Read more
Sex differences in dietary consumption and its association with frailty among middle-aged and older Australians: a 10-year longitudinal survey.
Nutritional status has been considered as a key factor in preventing the development of the frailty syndrome. However, sex-specific dietary consumption transition over time and how it impacts of frailty […]» Read more
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic infection with substantial risk of death, especially in elderly persons. Information about the prognostic significance of functional status in older patients with COVID-19 […]» Read more
Variations in situational risk factors for fractures of the distal forearm, hip, and vertebrae in older women.
Situational factors during a fall among three common types of fractures of the distal forearm, hip, and vertebrae among older women in Taiwan were investigated.In 2016 ~ 2017, study participants were identified […]» Read more
Advanced age is associated with increased susceptibility to acute adverse effects of propofol. The present study aimed to describe patterns of propofol dosing for induction of general anesthesia before endotracheal […]» Read more
Prevalence and factors related to urinary incontinence in older adults women worldwide: a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.
Urinary incontinence is a common condition in the general population and, in particular, the older adults population, which reduces the quality of life of these people, so this study aims […]» Read more
SPPB reference values and performance in assessing sarcopenia in community-dwelling Singaporeans – Yishun study.
The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) is an established test of physical performance. We provide reference values for SPPB and determine SPPB performance and cut-offs in assessing sarcopenia for Asian […]» Read more
A sense of belonging is a significant predictor of mental health and well-being in later life. A sense of belonging in childhood and adolescence contributes to a number of adult […]» Read more
Understanding transitional care programs for older adults who experience delayed discharge: a scoping review.
Many hospitalized older adults cannot be discharged because they lack the health and social support to meet their post-acute care needs. Transitional care programs (TCPs) are designed to provide short-term […]» Read more
Discharging older individuals to rehabilitation facilities is associated with adverse outcomes, including readmission or increased mortality rate. As preoperative functional status is an important factor impacting patient outcome, we hypothesized […]» Read more