Identify the metabolites that are increased in the plasma of severely injured patients that developed ARDS versus severely injured patients that did not, and assay if these increased metabolites prime […]» Read more
Association between Preoperative HbA1c Levels and Complications after Esophagectomy: Analysis of 15 801 Esophagectomies from the National Clinical Database in Japan.
To elucidate the association between preoperative hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels and short-term outcomes after oncologic esophagectomy.Although diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with an increased risk of postoperative morbidity in several […]» Read more
to evaluate the mechanisms associated with reflux events following sleeve gastrectomy (SG).Gastro-esophageal reflux (GERD) post-SG is a critical issue due to symptom severity, impact on quality of life, requirement for […]» Read more
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair practice in 13 countries: A report from VASCUNET and the International Consortium of Vascular Registries.
To assess practice patterns and short-term outcome after TEVAR, based on an international vascular registry collaboration.Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has become the primary surgical treatment modality for descending aortic […]» Read more
This study examines the impact of bariatric surgery on the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and a composite of cardiovascular outcomes in a large population cohort. Additionally, the impact of […]» Read more
Fetal Risk Stratification and Outcomes in Children with Prenatally Diagnosed Lung Malformations: Results from a Multi-Institutional Research Collaborative.
To assess current clinical outcomes in children with prenatally diagnosed congenital lung malformations (CLMs) and to identify prenatal characteristics associated with adverse outcomes.Despite a wide spectrum of clinical disease, the […]» Read more
Can the Risk Analysis Index for Frailty Predict Morbidity and Mortality in Patients Undergoing High-Risk Surgery?
To determine the effectiveness of the revised Risk Analysis Index (RAI-rev), administrative Risk Analysis Index (RAI-A), cancer-corrected Risk Analysis Index [RAI-rev (cancer-corrected)], and 5-variable modified Frailty Index (mFI-5) for predicting […]» Read more
Preoperative Hepatic and Regional Arterial Chemotherapy in Patients Who Underwent Curative Colorectal Cancer Resection: A Prospective, Multi-Center, Randomized Controlled Trial.
To evaluate the effects of the addition of preoperative hepatic and regional arterial chemotherapy (PHRAC) on prognosis of stage II and III colorectal cancer (CRC) in a multicenter setting.Our previous […]» Read more
Factors Associated with Post-Procedure Opioid Prescribing and Persistent Opioid Use Among Opioid-Naïve Patients: A Nationally Representative Sample.
Examine factors associated with post-procedure opioid receipt and persistent opioid use among opioid-naïve patients in a nationally representative sample SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA:: We used panels 18-20 in the Medical Expenditures […]» Read more
The association between factors promoting non-beneficial surgery and moral distress: A national survey of surgeons.
To assess the prevalence of moral distress among surgeons and test the association between factors promoting non-beneficial surgery and surgeons’ moral distress.Moral distress experienced by clinicians can lead to low-quality […]» Read more
Implementation of Critical Care Response Teams in Ontario: Impact on the Outcomes of Surgical Patients.
To evaluate whether introduction of Critical Care Response Teams (CCRTs) reduced mortality rates among patients who developed a post-operative complication, also referred to as failure to rescue (FTR).CCRTs were introduced […]» Read more
Bariatric Surgery in Medicare Patients: Examining Safety and Healthcare Utilization in the Disabled and Elderly.
To compare safety and healthcare utilization after sleeve gastrectomy versus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in a national Medicare cohort.Though bariatric surgery is increasing among Medicare beneficiaries, no long-term, national studies examining […]» Read more
Compare emergency general surgery (EGS) patient outcomes following index and non-index hospital readmissions, and explore predictive factors for non-index readmission.Readmission to a different hospital leads to fragmentation of care. The […]» Read more
To define criteria for robotic credentialing using expert consensus.A recent review of institutional robotic credentialing policies identified significant variability and determined current policies are largely inadequate to ensure surgeon proficiency […]» Read more
Variation in Risk-standardized Rates and Causes of Unplanned Hospital Visits Within 7 Days of Hospital Outpatient Surgery.
The objectives of this study were to compare risk-standardized hospital visit ratios of the predicted to expected number of unplanned hospital visits within 7 days of same-day surgeries performed at […]» Read more
Evaluation of Patient Reported Gastroesophageal Reflux Severity at Baseline and at One-Year after Bariatric Surgery.
To assess patient-reported gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) severity before and after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).Development of new-onset or worsening GERD symptoms following bariatric surgery varies by […]» Read more
The Impact of the Affordable Care Act on Trauma Outcomes in At Risk Groups: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis with Control Group.
Analyze the impact of the ACA on trauma outcomes at a population level and within at-risk subgroups.Trauma disproportionately affects the uninsured. Compared to the insured, uninsured patients have worse functional […]» Read more
The aim of this study was to systematically review and meta-analyze all literature reporting the basic reproductive number (R0), effective reproductive number (Re or Rt), and the serial interval (SI) […]» Read more
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Alzheimer’s Dementia After Exposure to Anesthesia and Surgery in the Elderly: A Matched Natural Experiment Using Appendicitis.
To determine if surgery and anesthesia in the elderly may promote Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias (ADRD).There is a substantial conflicting literature concerning the hypothesis that surgery and anesthesia promotes […]» Read more
The Impact of Clinical and Pathological Features on Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm Recurrence After Surgical Resection: Long-Term Follow-Up Analysis.
This study aimed to identify risk factors for recurrence after pancreatic resection for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN).Long-term follow-up data on recurrence after surgical resection for IPMN are currently lacking. […]» Read more
We hypothesized that a high rate of prescription of VTE chemoprophylaxis would be associated with decreased VTE incidence and mortality.Recommendations for VTE prevention in surgical patients include chemoprophylaxis based upon […]» Read more
To provide an updated estimate of the global prevalence of CVD and to comprehensively evaluate risk factors associated with this condition.Chronic Venous Disease (CVD) is an important cause of morbidity […]» Read more
Enhanced Recovery Protocols Reduce Mortality Across Eight Surgical Specialties At Academic and University-Affiliated Community Hospitals.
To determine if implementation of a simplified enhanced recovery protocol (ERP) across multiple surgical specialties in different hospitals is associated with improved short and long-term mortality. Secondary aims were to […]» Read more
Survival Following Trimodality Therapy in Patients With Locally Advanced Esophagogastric Adenocarcinoma: Does Only a Complete Pathologic Response Matter?
To evaluate whether pCR exclusively defines major pathologic response to treatment with improved survival.pCR after trimodality therapy for EAC is infrequent but associated with improved prognosis. Yet most clinical trials […]» Read more
This study evaluates the variation in spending by the highest-quality hospitals performing complex cancer surgery in the United States.As mortality rates for high-risk cancer surgery have improved, increased attention has […]» Read more
Distinct Genomic Profiles are Associated With Conversion to Resection and Survival in Patients With Initially Unresectable Colorectal Liver Metastases Treated With Systemic and Hepatic Artery Chemotherapy.
To examine genomic correlates of CTR and overall survival (OS) in patients with IU-CRLM treated with combination systemic and hepatic artery infusion (HAI) chemotherapy.In patients presenting with IU-CRLM, combination systemic […]» Read more
Outcomes of Laparoscopic Redo Fundoplication in Patients With Failed Antireflux Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
The aim of this meta-analysis was to summarize the current available evidence regarding the surgical outcomes of laparoscopic redo fundoplication (LRF).Although antireflux surgery is highly effective, a minority of patients […]» Read more
The Safety and Efficacy of Tracheostomy in Patients Diagnosed with COVID-19: An Analysis of 143 patients at a Major NYC Medical Center.
Many ventilated COVID-19 patients require prolonged ventilation. We do not know if tracheostomy will improve their care. Given the paucity of data on this topic, the optimal surgical approach has […]» Read more
Upfront Small Bowel Resection for Small Bowel Neuroendocrine Tumors with Synchronous Metastases: A Propensity-Score Matched Comparative Population-Based Analysis.
We examined the impact of upfront small bowel resection (USBR) for metastatic SB-NET compared to non-operative management (NOM) on long-term healthcare utilization and survival outcomes.The role of early resection of […]» Read more