Estimated proportion of an urban academic emergency department patient population eligible for HIV preexposure prophylaxis.

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Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a highly effective but underutilized method of HIV prevention. Emergency departments (EDs) have access to at-risk populations meeting CDC eligibility criteria for PrEP. Characterizing this population […]

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Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest volumes and characteristics during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted Emergency Medical Services (EMS) operations throughout the country. Some studies described variation in total volume of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) during the pandemic. We […]

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Implementation of a COVID-19 cohort area resulted in no surface or air contamination in surrounding areas in one academic emergency department.

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As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and highly contagious nature of SARS-CoV-2, emergency departments (EDs) have been forced to implement new measures and protocols to minimize the spread of […]

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EMS blood collection from patients with acute chest pain reduces emergency department length of stay.

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Expediting the measurement of serum troponin by leveraging EMS blood collection could reduce the diagnostic time for patients with acute chest pain and help address Emergency Department (ED) overcrowding. However, […]

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The effect of expanded insurance coverage under the Affordable Care Act on emergency department utilization in New York.

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One of the proposed benefits of expanding insurance coverage under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was a reduction in emergency department (ED) utilization for non-urgent visits related to lack of […]

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Extracorporeal support for trauma: A trauma quality improvement project (TQIP) analysis in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.

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The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in trauma patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) continues to evolve. The objective of this study was to perform a comparative […]

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Outcomes for in-hospital cardiac arrest for COVID-19 patients at a rural hospital in Southern California.

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In-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) carries a high mortality and providing resuscitation to COVID-19 patients presents additional challenges for emergency physicians. Our objective was to describe outcomes of COVID-19 patients suffering […]

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QT interval prolongation and the rate of malignant ventricular dysrhythmia and cardiac arrest in adult poisoned patients.

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Prolongation of QTc interval, a common electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormality encountered in the toxicology patient, is reportedly associated with an increased risk of malignant ventricular dysrhythmias (MVD), such as ventricular tachycardia […]

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Increased mortality with REBOA only mitigated by strong unmeasured confounding: an expanded analysis using the National Trauma Data Bank.

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REBOA is being increasingly adopted to manage non-compressible torso hemorrhage, but a recent analysis of the 2015-2016 Trauma Quality Improvement Project (TQIP) dataset showed that placement of REBOA was associated […]

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Increasing Hemoglobin Concentration With An Artificial Oxygen Carrier Improves Severe Anemia-Induced Degraded Cognitive Function.

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Prior to death patients commonly experience impaired consciousness for a significant period of time, frequently preventing family and others from final interactions with the patient. Some of these episodes of […]

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A randomized clinical trial of single dose liposomal bupivacaine versus indwelling analgesic catheter in patients undergoing surgical stabilization of rib fractures.

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Loco-regional analgesia (LRA) remains underutilized in patients with chest wall injuries. Surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) offers an opportunity to deliver surgeon-directed LRA under direct visualization at the site […]

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Experience of emergency department patients after a visit for hyperglycaemia: implications for communication and factors affecting adherence postdischarge.

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While studies have reported factors affecting adherence to diabetic care plans from a chronic disease perspective, no studies have addressed issues with post-discharge adherence facing patients with diabetes after an […]

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Evaluation of digital otoscopy in pediatric patients: A prospective randomized controlled clinical trial.

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Acute otitis media is often misdiagnosed. Pediatric trainees learn otoscopy from supervisors who cannot concurrently view the eardrum. Digital, smartphone otoscopes show promise to improve the visibility and learning due […]

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Optimizing Surgical Stabilization of Rib Fractures Using Intra-Operative Ultrasound Localization.

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Surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) significantly improve the outcomes of patients with rib fractures. Ultrasound is a specific modality for localizing rib fractures. We hypothesized that use of perioperative […]

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Optimizing Surgical Stabilization of Rib Fractures Using Intra-Operative Ultrasound Localization.

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Surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) significantly improve the outcomes of patients with rib fractures. Ultrasound is a specific modality for localizing rib fractures. We hypothesized that use of perioperative […]

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Post-injury treatments to make early tactical aeromedical evacuation practical for the brain after TBI.

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common in civilians and military personnel. No potential therapeutics have been evaluated to prevent secondary injury induced by the hypobaric hypoxia (HH) environment integral to […]

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USE OF REGIONAL ANALGESIA AND RISK OF DELIRIUM IN OLDER ADULTS WITH MULTIPLE RIB FRACTURES: AN EAST MULTICENTER STUDY.

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Single center data demonstrates that regional analgesia (RA) techniques are associated with reduced risk of delirium in older patients with multiple rib fractures. We hypothesized that a similar effect between […]

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Fast hypothermia induced by extracorporeal circuit cooling alleviates renal and intestinal injury after cardiac arrest in swine.

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Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) was currently demonstrated to be an effective way to induce fast hypothermia and had proective effects on cardiac dysfunction and brain damage after cardiac pulmonary […]

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Mitigating the gender gap: How “DOCTOR” badges affect physician identity.

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Patients and their families frequently misclassify female physicians in the Emergency Department (ED) as non-physicians. Physician misidentification impacts the environment of care on multiple levels; including patient satisfaction and physician […]

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Predictors of readmission requiring hospitalization after discharge from emergency departments in patients with COVID-19.

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Little is known on prevalence of early return hospital admission of subjects with COVID-19 previously evaluated and discharged from emergency departments (EDs). This study aims to describe readmission rate within […]

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