Bosch-Boonstra-Schaaf Optic Atrophy Syndrome Presenting as New-Onset Psychosis in a 32-Year-Old Man: A Case Report and Literature Review.


Bosch-Boonstra-Schaaf optic atrophy syndrome (BBSOAS) is a recently described autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the nuclear receptor subfamily 2 group F member 1 (NR2F1) gene. Its common features include optic atrophy and/or hypoplasia, developmental delay, intellectual disability, attention deficit disorder, autism spectrum disorder, seizures, hearing defects, spasticity, hypotonia, and thinning of the corpus callosum. Mitochondrial involvement has also been described with BBSOAS. Currently, 31 cases of BBSOAS have been described in the literature. Here we report a case of undiagnosed BBSOAS presenting as psychosis in a 32-year-old man with a history of bilateral optic nerve atrophy, intellectual disability, epilepsy, and mitochondrial complex I abnormality on muscle biopsy. Whole-genome sequencing identified a heterozygous de novo nonsense mutation in the NR2F1 gene [c.253 G>T (guanine to thymine mutation in coding position 253) in exon 1, p.E85X variant (GAG>TAG) (glutamic acid to stop codon mutation; protein truncated to 85 amino acids)]. A pathogenic nonsense mutation has not previously been reported in the literature in association with BBSOAS and represents an expansion of clinically relevant variants. Psychosis has also not been previously reported in this syndrome and may represent a phenotypic expansion of BBSOAS, a manifestation of prolonged disease, or a result of disease management.

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