Bleeding phenotype and diagnostic characterization of patients with congenital platelet defects.
Phenotypic characterization of congenital platelet defects (CPDs) could help physicians recognize CPD subtypes and can inform on prognostic implications. We report the analyses of the bleeding phenotype and diagnostic characteristics of a large cohort of adult patients with a confirmed CPD. A total of 96 patients were analyzed and they were classified as Glanzmann thrombasthenia, Bernard-Soulier syndrome, dense granule deficiency, defects in the ADP or thromboxane A2 (TxA2) pathway, isolated thrombocytopenia or complex abnormalities. The median ISTH-BAT bleeding score was 9 (IQR 5-13). Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) (80%), post-partum hemorrhage (74%), post-operative bleeds (64%) and post-dental extraction bleeds (57%) occurred most frequently. Rare bleeding symptoms were bleeds from the urinary tract (4%) and central nervous system (CNS) bleeds (2%). Domains with a large proportion of severe bleeds were CNS bleeding, HMB and post-dental extraction bleeding. Glanzmann thrombasthenia and female sex were associated with a more severe bleeding phenotype. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.