Bearing dislocation of mobile bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in East Asian countries: a systematic review with meta-analysis.
Bearing dislocation is a common postoperative complication of mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, and East Asian patients tend to be at higher risk. However, whether this high dislocation rate is common in all East Asian populations remains unclear. This meta-analysis was performed to explore this issue and describe various features of dislocation in East Asians, including the onset time, dislocation direction, and re-dislocation rate.The literature was searched in PubMed, Embase, Ovid, and Cochrane Library up to May 2020. Studies were scrutinized by two independent authors, and the bearing dislocation rate, onset time, direction, and re-dislocation rate were specifically analyzed. RevMan 5.3 was used for the statistical analysis.Seven case series from Korea, China, and Japan were included. The pooled analysis showed that the total dislocation rate was 2.37%, while the subgroup analysis showed that the dislocation rate in Korea and other countries was 4.50% and 0.74%, respectively (P < 0.01). Another subgroup analysis of the onset time showed a significant difference before and after the first 5 years postoperatively (P < 0.01). Anterior and posterior dislocations were more frequent than medial and lateral dislocations (P < 0.01). The average re-dislocation rate was 32.45%, which was approximately seven times higher than the primary dislocation rate (P < 0.01).Our meta-analysis demonstrated that Korea had a higher bearing dislocation rate among East Asian countries, especially in the first 5 years after primary UKA. Anterior and posterior dislocations were common. The most important finding is that the re-dislocation rate can be much higher than the initial dislocation rate.