Barriers to Decannulation After Double-Stage Laryngotracheal Reconstruction.

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To identify any potential barriers for decannulation in children undergoing double-staged laryngotracheal reconstruction (dsLTR) beyond the severity of disease itself.Case series with chart review.We performed a retrospective chart review from 2008 to 2018 of 41 children who had undergone dsLTR as primary treatment for laryngotracheal stenosis at a stand-alone tertiary children’s hospital. We examined the effect of demographic, medical, and surgical factors on successful decannulation and time to decannulation after dsLTR.Of the 41 children meeting inclusion criteria who underwent dsLTR, 34 (82%) were decannulated. Age, gender, race, insurance status, medical comorbidity, and multilevel stenosis did not predict overall decannulation. Insurance status did not impact time to decannulation (P = .13, Log-rank). Factors that increased length of time to decannulation were the use of anterior and posterior cartilage grafts (P = .001, Log-rank), history of pulmonary disease (P = .05, Log rank), history of cardiac disease (P = .017, Log-rank), and race/ethnicity (P = .001 Log-rank).In a cohort with a similar decannulation rates to previous dsLTR cohorts, we identified no demographic or medical factors that influenced overall decannulation. We did observe that pulmonary comorbidity, cardiac comorbidity, and race/ethnicity lengthens time to decannulation.4 Laryngoscope, 2021.

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Authors: Maria B Koenigs, Hengameh K Behzadpour, George H Zalzal, Diego A Preciado