Assessment of kidney disease knowledge among chronic kidney disease patients in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

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The persistent global increase in chronic kidney disease (CKD) prevalence highlights the importance of providing patients with sufficient knowledge to allow them to self-manage their disease.To gain insights into non-dialysis CKD patients’ knowledge of their disease, and assess associations between knowledge and sample characteristics.A descriptive cross-sectional design was undertaken.A convenience sample of 203 stages 3-5 CKD patients was recruited.The Kidney Disease Knowledge Survey (KiKs) was used.This study revealed that the mean age of the patients was 47.34 years. 50.2% were male and most (75.9%) were married. The mean score of knowledge (measured using KiKs) relating to kidney disease was 17.87 ± 3.212. The lowest scores were related to knowledge of effects of proteinuria (13.3%), meanings of “glomerular filtration rate” (29.6%) and “targeted blood pressure” (31.5%). Although more than 60% of participants knew about some kidney functions, they misunderstood others, including those related to glucose control (23.6%) and blood pressure (54.7%). Patients displayed knowledge scores >70% for five other areas, including disease stage and time since diagnosis. Almost all participants did not know that chronic kidney disease (CKD) could be asymptomatic. The results showed that late-stage CKD (Stages 4 and 5) and longer time since diagnosis of CKD were independently associated with a higher score of knowledge (r = 0.18, p = 0.017; r = 0.41, p 

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Authors: Hayfa H Almutary