Apatinib in patients with advanced chordoma: a single-arm, single-centre, phase 2 study.
No standard treatment exists for advanced chordoma. Apatinib has been found to have promising efficacy and manageable adverse effects for the treatment of solid tumours. We aimed to investigate the safety and antitumour activity of apatinib in patients with advanced chordoma.We did a single-arm, phase 2 study at one tertiary hospital in Shanghai, China. Eligible patients were aged 18-75 years, with histologically confirmed advanced chordoma that was unresectable or resectable only through demolitive surgery, who had previously received surgical treatment, with at least one measurable lesion according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1, evidence of tumour progression on enhanced CT or MRI in the previous 6 months, and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2. Patients received oral 500 mg apatinib once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The co-primary endpoints were progression-free survival and objective response rate according to RECIST 1.1 and Choi criteria by investigator assessment. Progression-free survival was assessed in the intention-to-treat population. Objective response rate was assessed in the per-protocol population, which included all enrolled patients who were compliant with the protocol and had at least one post-baseline assessment. Safety was analysed in all patients with complete safety data. This study is ongoing, but recruitment is complete. This study is registered with Chictr.org.cn, ChiCTR-OIC-17013586.Between Aug 21, 2017, and May 31, 2019, we screened 32 patients, of whom 30 were enrolled. Median follow-up was 14·2 months (IQR 9·4-19·7). Of the 27 patients included in the per-protocol population, one patient (3·7%; 95% CI 0-11·3) achieved an objective response according to RECIST, and seven patients (25·9%; 8·3-43·6) achieved an objective response according to Choi criteria. Median progression-free survival was 18 months (95% CI 3-34) according to RECIST and 18 months (3-33) according to Choi criteria. The most common treatment-related grade 3 adverse events were hypertension (seven [24%] of 29 patients) and proteinuria (two [7%]). No treatment-related grade 4 adverse events or treatment-related deaths were observed.To our knowledge, this is the first trial of apatinib for the treatment of advanced chordoma. Apatinib shows promising activity and manageable toxicity and thus might be an option for the treatment of advanced chordoma.None.