Anti-NuMA antibodies: clinical associations and significance in patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome or systemic lupus erythematosus.
To determine the clinical significance of anti-nuclear mitotic apparatus (NuMA) antibodies (AC-26 or AC-25) in patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Between 2013 and 2018, clinical and immunological features of pSS and SLE patients with anti-NuMA antibodies were compared with anti-NuMA antibodies-negative pSS and SLE cohorts.Among 31 284 sera positive for antinuclear antibodies, 90 patients (0.29%) had anti-AC-26 (anti-NuMA1) and AC-25 (anti-HsEg5) antibodies (73.3% and 26.7%, respectively). Auto-immune diseases, mainly consisting in pSS (28.9%) and SLE (21.1%), were found in 67.8%. Anti-NuMA Abs represented the unique ANA in 60% and 50% of patients with pSS and SLE patients, respectively. Compared with 137 anti-NuMA-negative pSS patients, 20 anti-NuMA-positive pSS presented with less frequent ocular sicca syndrome (70.0% vs 89.1%, p= 0.031), dryness complications (15.0% vs 39.4%, p= 0.045), or detectable anti-SSa and/or anti-SSb antibodies (40.0% vs 66.4%, p= 0.027). Compared with 80 anti-NuMA-negative SLE patients, 14 anti-NuMA-positive SLE patients had no lupus nephritis (0.0% vs 28.8%, p= 0.049), less frequent dsDNA antibodies (42.9% vs 75.0%, p= 0.025) and complement consumption (21.4% vs 53.8%, p= 0.040). Anti-NuMA-positive pSS and SLE patients less frequently required treatments compared with anti-NuMA-negative patients.Although rare, anti-NuMA antibodies are mainly associated with pSS and SLE and may be useful for diagnosis when other auto-antibodies are negative. PSS and SLE patients with anti-NuMA antibodies have less severe clinical and biological profiles, suggesting that anti-NuMA antibodies may constitute a good prognosis marker in both auto-immune diseases.