AAAPT Diagnostic Criteria for Acute Thoracic Surgery Pain.

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Patients undergoing thoracic surgery experience particular challenges for acute pain management. Availability of standardized diagnostic criteria for identification of acute pain after thoracotomy and video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) would provide a foundation for evidence-based management and facilitate future research. The Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities, and Networks (ACTTION) public-private partnership with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the American Pain Society (APS), and the American Academy of Pain Medicine (AAPM) formed the ACTTION-APS-AAPM Pain Taxonomy (AAAPT) initiative to address absence of acute pain diagnostic criteria. A multidisciplinary working group of pain experts was invited to develop diagnostic criteria for acute thoracotomy and VATS pain. The working group used available studies and expert opinion to characterize acute pain after thoracotomy and VATS using the 5-dimension taxonomical structure proposed by AAAPT (i.e., core diagnostic criteria, common features, modulating factors, impact/functional consequences, and putative mechanisms). The resulting diagnostic criteria will serve as the starting point for subsequent empirically validated criteria. Perspective Item This article characterizes acute pain after thoracotomy and VATS using the 5-dimension taxonomical structure proposed by AAAPT (i.e., core diagnostic criteria, common features, modulating factors, impact/functional consequences, and putative mechanisms).

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Authors: Emine Ozgur Bayman, Michele Curatolo, Siamak Rahman, Timothy J Brennan