A S-shaped association of distal oversizing ratio with distal stent-graft-induced new entry following thoracic endovascular aortic repair for Stanford B aortic dissection.
This study was performed to evaluate the nonlinear association of the distal oversizing ratio with distal stent-graft-induced new entry (dSINE) following thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for type B aortic dissection (TBAD) and to find the optimal value of the distal oversizing ratio for prevention strategy of dSINE.177 patients who underwent TEVAR for TBAD from the Registry Of type B aortic dissection with the Utility of STent graft were retrospectively investigated. Patients were stratified into two groups on the median distal oversizing ratio: lower group (≤16%, n=88) and higher group (>16%, n=89). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the cumulative incidence of dSINE. The multivariate Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify the association of the distal oversizing ratio with dSINE. Restricted cubic smoothing spline plots and two-piecewise regression were used to analyze the possible nonlinear association.Eleven patients developed dSINE (6.21%) during the median follow-up time of 12.37 months (interquartile range, 8.07-18.17 months). An S-shaped association of the distal oversizing ratio with dSINE was identified. When the distal oversizing ratio was ≤40%, the risk of dSINE increased with distal oversizing ratio, and the risk of dSINE was highest when the distal oversizing ratio reached 40% (adjusted HR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.02-1.17; p = 0.011). A larger distal oversizing ratio over 40% did not generate a greater risk of dSINE (adjusted HR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.87-1.05; p = 0.455).This study substantiated previous findings that the dSINE was associated with the increasing distal oversizing ratio. We also found an S-shaped association between the distal oversizing ratio and dSINE after TEVAR for TBAD. The distal oversizing ratio of 40% can be used for stratified management of patients who underwent TEVAR for TBAD.
Authors: Feng Liu, Yangyang Ge, Dan Rong, Yan Xue, Weidong Fan, Jianhang Miao, Xiaohu Ge, Zengren Zhao, Wei Guo